An allergy is a medical condition of the inflammation of the immune system caused by hypersensitivity to specific factors, and it is unique to different people. It involves part of the immune system, immunoglobulin E antibodies, attaching to the allergen then the release of the inflammatory chemical is triggered. The severity of allergic reactions depends on the person’s immune systems and is usually very unpredictable.
Causes of Allergies are many; some of them are not yet medically established. These causes are categorized as internal and external. As the term indicates, internal causes are triggered by the genes (hereditary), sex, race or age. Similarly, external causes are triggered by what is in the environment, such as pollution. The most common ones are:
Different foods cause allergies in different people. Most common foods that cause allergies are proteins such as milk, meat, peanut, fish, eggs, and soybeans. Sensitivity to some foods reduces with age. Genetic modification and engineering will increase or reduce the allergic reactions in foodstuffs. That is why some people will not have allergies after taking the same food that is grown in different conditions.
The most common medicine that causes allergies is the penicillin. Whereas some people are allergic to amoxicillin, they are not allergic to streptomycin. Sensitivity will also vary when taken alongside other drugs. Other drugs are malaria medicine and medicines that are applied to the skin.
Allergies are genetic specific, whereas members of the same family will be sensitive to certain foods or medicines. Similarly, identical twins will have higher sensitivity to allergic conditions compared to non-identical twins.
Young children are at a higher risk of developing allergies than grownups. The IgE levels, which are responsible for the inflammation of the immune systems are higher in children but gradually reduces as they grow older.
Boys are more sensitive than girls. However, there are exceptional cases whereas girls are more vulnerable than boys.
When one is stressed, the immunity of the body is weakened thus more susceptible to allergies.
Allergies are caused by natural rubber such gloves, condoms and balloons.
Allergies are caused by both stinging and non-stinging insects. These are wasps, bees, fire ants, and cockroaches.
Red and watery eyes
Itching of the eye conjunctiva
Shortness of breath
Diagnosis primarily depends on accurately identifying their causes. This will involve several tests and the study of the patient medical history. It would include identity by an elimination of possible factors that causes allergy until the exact result is achieved. Avoidance of the allergic triggers will play a bigger role in improving the quality of life and reducing the severity of the symptoms. Two methods are used: blood tests and skin prick test.
Treatment will involve administration of antihistamines, steroids and epinephrine injection. Prevention is better than cure. Besides the financial implications, the immunity of the patient interferes will arise during treatment
The following examples are categorized under allergic diseases: